By Swami Harshananda
Sometimes transliterated as: Sabara-bhasya, ZAbara-bhASya, shaabara-bhaashya
Śābara-bhāṣya literally means ‘commentary by Sabara-svāmin’.
The basic work of the Mimānsā philosophy, one of the six systems of philosophy, is the Purvamimānsā Sutras of Jaimini assigned to 200 B. C. The earliest extant commentary on it is the Śābarabhāsya or Śabarabhāsya attributed to Śabarasvāmi who might have lived either during 57 B. c. or during A. D. 200. According to some scholars he was the father of the king Vikramāditya, by his kṣattriya wife. The commentary, in chaste and ideal Sanskrit prose, is quite voluminous, dealing with all the aspects of interpretation of the Vedas. He often mentions a Vṛttikāra and quotes his views several times. Whether he is the same as Bodhāyana quoted by Rāmānuja is not certain.
- Here Vikramāditya referred is of the Vikrama Era fame.
- He lived in A. D. 1017-1137.
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore