By Swami Harshananda
Sometimes transliterated as: Sauca, Zauca, shauca
Śauca literally means ‘cleanliness,’ ‘purity’.
The Yogasutras of Patanjali lists śauca or purity as one of the five disciplines under niyama, the second of the eight steps of yoga. It is of two kinds:
- Bāhya or external - It is achieved by cleansing the body.
- Āntara or internal - It is achieved by conquering the six-enemies like lust and greed.
It is interesting to note that the Manusmṛti considers purity in financial dealings as the real or the best purity. The dharmaśāstras and the various smṛtis give a detailed account of āhnika or the daily routine of a dvija. Śauca or bodily purity is an important part of the same.
- He lived in 200 B.C.
- Manusmṛti 5.106
- Dvija means a member of the first three castes.
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore