By Swami Harshananda
Sometimes transliterated as: Sivananda Swami, ZivAnanda SwAmi, shivaananda Swaami
Śivānanda, Svāmi lived in A. D. 1887-1963. He was a well-known saintly figure of the country. He was also known as Kuppusvāmi in his pre-monastic days. He was born at Pattamaḍai in Tamil Nadu in A. D. 1887. His parents were Veṅgu Ayyar and Pārvatī Ammāl.
After getting the medical degree, he worked as a doctor in the rubber plantations of Malaya for ten years, earning a good name. His deeply religious bent of mind made him return to India seeking spiritual enlightenment. He took Saṅyāsa in A. D. 1924 from Svāmi Viśvānanda Sarasvatī of Hrishikesh and was named Svāmi Śivānanda Sarasvatī.
After a hectic tour of India, he returned to Hrishikesh and settled there establishing a monastery under the name-The Divine Life Society. Being an expert in Yoga and Ayurveda, he started allied institutions to teach them also. The Divine Life Society has branches all over India and outside also. He was a prolific writer on Vedānta and other subjects connected with religion and philosophy. He has left numerous disciples who are carrying on his work even now.
- Saṅyāsa means monastic vows.
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore