By Swami Harshananda
Sometimes transliterated as: Ajada, AjaDa, Ajada
Literally the word ajaḍa stands for any active and sentient principle as opposed to jaḍa, the inactive and the insentient. However it is used as a technical term in the Viśiṣṭādvaita school of philosophy, the chief exponent of which was Rāmānuja (1017-1137 AD).
Any dravya or substance can be divided into two groups :
Prakṛti or nature and kāla or time are grouped under jaḍa.
Ajaḍa is further classified in four groups:
- Īśvara - God
- Jīva - individual soul
- Nityavibhuti - immaterial infinite domain of īśvara
- Dharmabhutajñāna - attributive consciousness of the jīvas
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore