Aṅga and liṅga
By Swami Harshananda
Sometimes transliterated as: Anga and linga, AGga and liGga, Anga and linga
In Vīraśaivism (one of the important schools of Śaivism) Brahman is called ‘Sthala’. ‘Stha’ stands for ‘sthāna’ (place) and ‘la’ for ‘laya’ (dissolution). So ‘Sthala’ is that place or source from which the universe evolves and into which it dissolves ultimately.
This ‘Sthala’ divides itself out of līlā and become a part of liṅga and aṅga, also called as liṅgasthala and aṅgasthala. Aṅga is the individual soul or jīva (so called because he goes back [ga] to Brahman [aril] ) and liṅga (= that into which everything gets dissolved, liyate) is God, Śiva.
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore