By Swami Harshananda
Sometimes transliterated as: Aparanta-jnana, AparAnta-jJAna, Aparaanta-jyaana
Aparānta-jñāna literally means ‘knowledge of the little end, i.e., death’.
Religion advocates a cyclic theory of creation. This cycle consists of three actions going on eternally:
- Sṛṣṭi - Creation
- Sthiti - Preservation or sustenance
- Pralaya - Dissolution
Pralaya or dissolution of the created universe is also called ‘parānta,’ ‘the great end.’ Compared to this, dissolution or death of the body of an individual is ‘aparānta,’ ‘the little end.’ Aparāntajñāna is thus the knowledge of one’s death.
Can one get it in advance? If so, how? This interesting question which has been answered by Patañjali (200 B. C.) in his celebrated work, the Yogasutras. If a yogi succeeds in attaining samādhi (perfect concentration culminating in superconscious experience) on the karma that has brought him into being in the present life, he can intuitively perceive when it will come to an end. This can give him a direct knowledge of the time, place and mode of his death.
The yogi can obtain the same knowledge even without samādhi on his karma, just by observing the aristas (portentous phenomena) like not hearing the usual internal sound when the ears are closed, or seeing the dead ancestors or supernatural beings. Though these aristas can be perceived even by ordinary people, it is only the yogi that can interpret them rightly and draw correct conclusions.
- Yogasutras 3.22
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore