By Swami Harshananda
Aviyoga-vrata literally means ‘religious vow for non-separation’.
Religion considers the ties of marriage to be sacred and inviolable. A married woman shudders even by the thought of separation from her husband.
‘Aviyoga-vrata’ (also called ‘Aviyoga-tṛtīyā’) is a religious vow specially prescribed for a married woman and is supposed to bring non-separation from her husband. It begins on the 3rd day of the bright half of Mārgaśira (November-December) and continues for one year. The women who undertake this vrata start it on this day by partaking rice boiled in milk and sugar. They worship Gauri (Pārvati) and Śambhu (Śiva) through images made of rice flour, under different names (in each of the twelve months) with different flowers.
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore