By Swami Harshananda
Brahmapura literally means ‘city of Brahman’.
This word has been used in the Upaniṣads in several senses. Just as a city (pura = city) full of people and various goods supplies the needs of the king, this body of several limbs and sense-organs supplies the needs of Brahman who resides in it in the form of the jīva or the individual soul. Hence it is called ‘brahmapura’ or ‘the city of Brahman’.
Sometimes the word is also applied to the ‘lotus of the heart’ (hṛdayapuṇḍarīka—the psychic heart, where meditation is practiced) since it ‘houses’ Brahman; i.e., Brahman is realized there by the meditating on it.
- Chāndogya Upaniṣad 8.1.1
- Mundaka Upaniṣad 2.2.7
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore