Dhṛṣtadyumna

From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Dhrstadyumna, DhRStadyumna, Dhrrishtadyumna


Dhṛṣtadyumna literally means ‘the proud and the radiant one’.

Drupada, the king of Pāñcāla performed a special sacrifice when he wanted a valiant son who could kill Droṇācārya. Dṛṣtadyumna was born as the boon of that sacrifice. Draupadī[1] was also born out of the same fire after him.

Characteristics of Dhṛṣtadyumna

  • Dhṛṣtadyumna was a great hero and a good ruler
  • He conducted the svayamvara[2] of his sister Draupadī where Arjuna succeeded in the contest and won her
  • Since Arjuna and the other Pāṇḍavas were disguised as brāhmaṇas, Dhṛṣṭadyumna secretly went to their dwelling place and discovered their true identity
  • During the Kurukṣetra war, he was made the commander-in-chief of the Pāṇḍava army
  • He successfully fought with many heroes of the enemy’s army, like Droṇa, Aśvatthāma and Duryodhana
  • He beheaded Droṇa after Droṇa had retired from the battle as per the sage's advice
  • They had come to dissuade him from using the Brahmāstra
  • Dhṛṣṭadyumna was killed in sleep by Aśvatthāma

References

  1. Draupadī was the wife of the Pāṇḍava heroes.
  2. Svayamvara is the rite of a princess of marriageable age choosing her husband from among the assembled princes.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore