By Swami Harshananda
Sometimes transliterated as: Gandhara, GAndhAra, Gaandhaara
Gāndhāra as per Ṛgveda
Gāndhāra as per Mahābhārata
The kingdom might have extended from the shores of the river Sindhu (Indus) up to the modern Kabul. According to another view it extended from Jalalabad (in Afghanisthan) to Rawalpindi (in Pakistan) and included the Kumarī river. Later on it came under Buddhist influence and its capital was Takṣaśilā (Taxila). It had flourishing trade links with Magadha.
Gāndhāra as per Sound
Gāndhāra is also the third note of the octave in music.
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore