From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Gavamayana, GavAmayana, Gavaamayana

Gavāmayana literally means ‘course of the cows or rays of the sun’.

Evolution of Sacrifices

The Vedic sacrifices and yajñas or yāgas are an ancient tradition followed by devotees. According to the Bhagavadgitā[1] sacrifices were created by Prajāpati[2] at the beginning of creation.

Sattrayāga Sacrifice

Among the various varieties of such sacrifices, the Sattrayāga is also the one. It is the one sacrifice wherein all the priests who perform it are also the yajamānas.[3] The duration of a Sattrayāga may be from 12 days to a year or more.

Fruits of Gavāmayana Sacrifice

The Gavāmayana is a typical Sattrayāga, a model for such sacrifices of one year’s duration. It may be performed for various rewards like progeny, prosperity, greatness or heaven.

Rituals of Gavāmayana Sacrifice

The sacrifice is performed in three phases. The first and the third are spread over 180 days (6 lunar months of 30 days) each. In between comes the viṣuvat or the central day. Several rites are involved in Sattrayāga. They are:

  1. Abhiplava - a Soma ritual
  2. Agniṣṭoma - a Soma sacrifice
  3. Daśarātra - another rite of ten days’ duration
  4. Udayanīya - a concluding rite of any Somayāga


  1. Bhagavadgitā 3.10 and 11
  2. Prajāpati is the Lord of men, the creator.
  3. Yajamānas are the masters who reap the results equally.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore