From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia
By Swami Harshananda
- Gomatī is one of the sacred rivers mentioned in the Naḍisukta of the Ṛgveda. It is referred as a tributary of the river Sindhu (Indus).
- The modern Gomatī is a tributary of the river Gaṅgā flowing near Lucknow, the capital of Uttar Pradesh.
- According to some mythological accounts, Kauśiki, sister of Viśvāmitra, was cursed by her husband Rcīka. Hence she became the river Gomatī.
- Śrī Rāma is said to have conducted the Aśvamedha sacrifice on the banks of this river.
- The Mahābhārata says that one can get rid of one’s sins by drinking the water of this river.
- The Sabhāparva declares that the goddess Gomati, the presiding deity of the river, lives in the court of Varuṇa (the deity of the water principle or oceans), serving him.
- Sometimes Gomatī and Gaṅgā are considered identical, the former being given as one of the names of the latter.
- According to Śātātapa, a writer on the dharmaśāstras referred to by others, Gomatī is a type of Vedic mantra used in prāyaścittas or expiations, especially for killing a cow.
- Ṛgveda 10.75.6)
- Gomatī is spelt as Gomtī.
- Mahābhārata Ādiparva 169.20
- Mahābhārata 9.23
- Skandapurāna, Kāśikhanda 29-51
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore