Gurudvāra

From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Gurudvara, GurudvAra, Gurudvaara


Gurudvāra literally means ‘gateway to the Guru’.

The place of worship of Sikhs is the gurudvāra.[1]

Guru Gobind Singh (A. D. 1666-1708) the tenth and the last Guru, ordained that there would be no more human Gurus. The Book, Ādi Granth[2] itself should be looked upon as the Guru after him.

A gurudvāra is the place where this book, the Ādi Granth, also called Guru Granth Sāhib, is kept in a hall with all the paraphernalia needed to honor it like a human Guru. The Book after being established, is looked after by the granthis (scripture-readers). It is also taken out in a procession like the utsava-vigraha, (processional deity) in a temple.

The Golden Temple[3] at Amritsar in Punjab is the chief gurudvāra of the Sikhs. The other important ones are at Kapurthala, Anandpur (both in Punjab), Nanded (Maharashtra) and Patna (Bihar).


References

  1. It is also spelt as ‘gurdvāra’.
  2. It was compiled by the fifth Guru, Arjan.
  3. Golden temple is also called as Hari Mandir or Darbār Sāhib.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore