Jayatirtha

From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Jayatirtha (A. D. 1340-1388) is a chief proponent of Dvaita Vedānta which was a philosophical stance founded by Madhva (A. D. 1238-1317).

He was born as Dhoṇḍupant in the small town Maṅgalaveḍe, situated on the border of Karnataka and Maharashtra. His father was Raghunātha Rāya of the Deśapāṇḍe lineage. Dhoṇḍupant grew up as a carefree young man since the family was rich and had political patronage. However, one encounter with Akṣobhyatīrtha, a sanyāsin disciple of Madhvācārya, changed his life completely. Following that encounter, he renounced the world and took to monastic life with the new name Jayatirtha.

After a course of training under this teacher, Jayatirtha gradually excelled him. His works on the Dvaita Vedānta philosophy are:

  1. Nyāyasudhā - a commentary on the Anuvyākhyāna of Madhva[1]
  2. Tattvaprakāśikā - a commentary on the Brahmasutrabhāsya of Madhva
  3. Nyāyadipikā - a commentary on the Gitātātparyanirnaya of Madhva
  4. Prameyadipikā - a commentary on the Gitābhāsya of Madhva

Jayatirtha was a contemporary of Vidyāraṇya[2] He passed away on the bank of the river Kāgiṇī, in Malakheḍa (or Mānyakheṭa). A cave where he used to compose his works is located near the Yaragola village of Yādgiri taluka.[3]

References

  1. Anuvyākhyāna of Madhva is a commentary on the Brahmasutras.
  2. A well-known teacher and writer on the Advaita philosophy and one of the founders of the Vijayanagara empire.
  3. It is situated at Gulbarga district of Karnataka.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore