By Swami Harshananda
Sometimes transliterated as: Karanda-mukuta, KaraNDa-mukuTa, Karanda-mukuta
Karaṇḍa-mukuṭa literally means ‘crown resembling a basket’.
Images of Gods, Goddesses and lesser divinities generally have a mukuta or a crown on their heads. One of the several varieties of such crowns is the karaṇḍa-mukuṭa. ‘Karaṇḍa’ means a basket. It is usually made of bamboo strips. Hence karaṇḍa-mukuṭa is a crown resembling basket of bamboo strips.
Usually female deities, some minor gods, and yakṣas are provided with karaṇḍa-mukutas. It has three round basket shaped tiers in the odd numbers of three, five or seven. The lowest tier is studded with jewels and has a golden band. The topmost tier is surmounted by a śikhamaṇi or crest-jewel.
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore