By Swami Harshananda
Kulapati literally means ‘head of a gurukula’.
Education in the olden days was completely residential. The house of the ācārya or the teacher where the students resided and learnt was called ‘ācāryakula’. When the campus grew big and the number of resident-students went beyond ten thousand, the chief ācārya was appointed as the head of the institution. It came to be known as ‘kulapati’.
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore