By Swami Harshananda
Sometimes transliterated as: Lokasangraha, LokasaJgraha, Lokasaygraha
Lokasañgraha literally means ‘maintaining order in the society’.
This is a word peculiar to the Bhagavadgitā. Among the various counter-arguments that Śri Kṛṣṇa gives to Arjuna to make him fight, lokasaṅgraha is also the one. It is interpreted as keeping the people within the orbit of dharma and not allowing them to transgress it. This has to be achieved by the leaders of the society even if they have transcended it by attaining mukti or liberation. They attain liberation by conforming themselves to the path of dharma and thus induce or inspire the common people also to do the same.
In this context, if Arjuna as a kṣattriya and prince does not discharge his duty to fight the evil-doers and destroy them, ordinary people in the society also will do the same and abandon their duties and responsibilities. This will ultimately upset the whole social balance.
- Bhagavadgitā 3.20, 25
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore