By Swami Harshananda
Sometimes transliterated as: Nitisastra, NitiZAstra, Nitishaastra
Nitiśāstra literally means ‘the science of moral values or ethics’.
Since nīti had always been treated as a part and parcel of dharma and darśana it has never been construed or presented as an independent branch of knowledge. Though every darśana has prescribed its own modes of spiritual practice, the nīti part of it is almost the same. The ten sāmānya-dharmas or the first two steps of the aṣṭāṅgayoga of Patañjali can epitomize the Nītiśāstra.
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore