By Swami Harshananda
Sometimes transliterated as: Nyayakusumanjali, NyayakusumaJjali, Nyayakusumayjali
Nyayakusumañjali literally means ‘a handful of flowers of Nyāya philosophy’.
A darśana needs not only an intellectual approach to carry conviction, but also an emotional approach to enthuse the adherent towards sādhanā. In the beginning, the Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika darśanas hardly possessed the latter element. This was supplied to an admirable extent by Udayana in his masterpiece Nyāyakusumāñjali.
The work is in 72 kārikās with the author’s own commentary. Udayana has tried to prove the existence of God by giving various inferential proofs such as cause-effect relationship between God and the world, conjunction of atoms into dvyaṇuka and so on needing an intelligent agent, the universe needing a supporting base, need for an intelligent teacher to impart the knowledge of the use of things and the supreme authority of the Vedas. His great devotion to God and the advocacy of grace in attaining liberation are very palpable in this work.
- Darśana means philosophical system.
- Sādhanā means the spiritual discipline.
- He lived in 10th cent. A. D.
- It is also called as Kusumāñjali.
- Kārikās means verses.
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore