By Swami Harshananda
Sometimes transliterated as: Pratyabhijna, PratyabhijJA, Pratyabhijyaa
Pratyabhijñā literally means ‘knowledge got by facing it’.
This is a technical term used by Kāśmīr Śaivism. When we see a person whom we had seen earlier maybe in a different place and circumstances, we recognize him as ‘He is that person’. Īśvara and the jīva are similar in nature. They both have jñānaśakti and kriyāśakti. This is known from the scriptures and the teachings of the spiritual preceptors.
- Īśvara means God.
- Jīva means the individual soul.
- Kriyāśakti means the power to know and act.
- Sādhaka means the one who is practicing spiritual disciplines.
- Māyā means ignorance as the veil.
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore