By Swami Harshananda
Sometimes transliterated as: Rajarsi, RAjarSi, Raajarshi
Rājarṣi literally means ‘a sagely king’.
A rājarṣi is a king who has risen to the state and stature of a ṛṣi or a sage. He is a person of spiritual wisdom. He has attained that state by dint of severe tapas or austerity.
Qualities for Appellation Rājarṣi
In ancient India, as a result of the education received in the gurukulas, even the princes were trained to become men of spiritual wisdom. Certain kinds of vidyās like the Pañcāgni Vidyā were the special prerogatives of these rājarṣis. Pañcāgni Vidyā means the ‘the knowledge of the five fires’. were the special prerogatives of these rājarṣis.
Rājarṣis in History
Some of these rājarṣis were:
- Gurukulas were the forest academies run by well-known sages.
- Vidyās are the meditations.
- Chāndogya Upaniṣad 5.4-9
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore