By Swami Harshananda
Sometimes transliterated as: Saksi, SAkSI, Saakshi
Sākṣī literally means ‘witness’.
Qualities of a Sākṣī
A sāksin or sākṣī is the one who witnesses the happenings around him in a detached way and can give an unbiased account. In the religious judicial system a sāksi or a witness is accepted as reliable if:
- He should comes from a respectable family.
- He should be deeply religious by temperament.
- He should be devoted to truth.
- He should be straightforward.
Qualities of Undependable Sākṣī
A few of the interesting descriptions of an unreliable witness are:
- Shifting the position constantly
- Licking the corner of his own lips
- Sweat on the forehead
- Change of color of the face
- Faltering speech
- Contradictory statements
Śākṣī as per Vedānta
Sākṣī as per the Upaniṣads
- Jīvātman means the individual Self.
- Svetāśvatara Upanisad 6.11
- Bhagavadgītā 9.18
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore