Saḍ-darśana-samuccaya

From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Sad-darsana-samuccaya, SaD-darZana-samuccaya, Sad-darshana-samuccaya


Saḍ-darśana-samuccaya literally means ‘a collection of the six systems of philosophy’.

As the various systems of philosophy evolved and developed to the voluminous proportions with intricate logic, there arose the need to produce brief compendiums containing the essence of all the systems, for the benefit of ordinary students of philosophy. Out of such compendiums, the earliest is the Sarvadarśanasamuccaya of Haribhadra.[1] This work is considered an important summary of the various systems. These six[2][3] are:

  1. Bauddha
  2. Naiyāyika
  3. Sāṅkhya
  4. Jaina
  5. Vaiśeṣika
  6. Jaiminiya

The work is in 87 kārikās or explanatory verses. Maṇibhadra and Guṇaratna[4] have written commentaries on it, the latter known as Tarkarahasyadīpikā. It is more elaborate.

Another work of the same name by Rājaśekharasūri[5] has also been found. In 180 ślokas,[6] he has dealt with the Jaina, Sāṇkhya, Jaimini, Yoga, Vaiśeṣika and Saṅgata systems.


References

  1. He lived in A.D. 750.
  2. Ṣaṭ means six.
  3. Darśana means philosophy.
  4. He lived in 14th century A. D.
  5. He lived in 13th century A. D.
  6. Ślokas means verses.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore