Samhitopaniṣad Brāhmaṇa

From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Samhitopanisad Brahmana, SamhitopaniSad BrAhmaNa, Samhitopanishad Braahmana


Significance of Samhitopaniṣad Brāhmaṇa

Samhitopaniṣad Brāhmaṇa is one of the Brāhmaṇas of the Sāmaveda available now. It is said to have the characteristics of a Samhitā, a Brāhmaṇa and an Upaniṣad. Hence it is named so. It has five khaṇḍas or sections. The following are the brief contents:

First Khanda

This contains an exposition of three kinds of sāmagāna as:

  1. Daiva
  2. Āsura
  3. Ārṣa

Second Khanda

In this section a number of technical terms like:

  • Krsaria - prolonging a syllable in a chant by inserting more tones
  • Stobha - musical interjections like hā u, hāi, hum
  • Characteristics of a yajamāna[1] and the udgātṛ[2]

Third Khanda

Uhas to be sung in sacrifices are described here. It is also stressed that the sāmans are to be taught only to worthy candidates. Six rules concerning the teaching of the sāmans are also described.

Fourth and Fifth Khandas

The subjects discussed here includes the greatness of the guru[3] and the qualifications of a disciple, guru-dakṣiṇā or the fees to be paid to the teacher and how a mantra becomes a sāman.

Commentaries

Two commentaries available on this work are:

  • One by Sāyaṇa[4]
  • Other by Dvijarāja- bhatta


References

  1. Yajamāna means the sacrificer.
  2. Udgātṛ means main singer of the sāmans.
  3. Guru means preceptor.
  4. He lived in A. D. 1315-1387.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore