Stoma

From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Stoma literally means ‘praise’.

Stotras are the Ṛgvedic mantras set to the Sāmavedic tunes. A stoma is a group of such verses and has several names depending on the number of repetitions. They are:

  1. Pañcadaśastoma[1]
  2. Saptadaśastoma[2]
  3. Ekaviiṅśastoma[3]
  4. Etc.

These stomas are arranged in two or more different varieties called viṣṭuti. For instance, the ājyastotra[4] consists of three verses[5] which can be called a, b and c. Then in a pañcadaśastoma of 15 verses the arrangement will be as follows:

  1. 1st paryāya or round a a a b c
  2. 2nd paryāya or round a b b b c
  3. 3rd paryāya or round a b c c c

This is called pañcapañcinī-viṣṭuti.


References

  1. Rgveda 15
  2. Rgveda 17
  3. Rgveda 21
  4. Ājyastotra is chanted during the morning pressing of soma juice.
  5. Ṛgveda 6.16.10-12
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore