Taittiriya Samhitā

From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Taittiriya Samhita, Taittiriya SamhitA, Taittiriya Samhitaa


By Swami Harshananda

Significance of Taittiriya Samhitā

Taittiriya Samhitā, though has 85 śākhās or recensions of the Kṛṣṇa Yajurveda, only four have survived to this day. Of these the Taittiriya Samhitā is the most important and the most extensive. Fortunately, all the branches of this Veda are available even now. They are:

  1. The Samhitā
  2. the Brāhmaṇa
  3. the Āraṇyaka
  4. the Upaniṣad
  5. the Śrauta
  6. the Gṛhya Sutras

Sections of Taittiriya Samhitā

This Samhitā is very well-known and studied in South India. It has 7 kāṇḍas,[1] 44 prapāṭhakas[2] and 651 anuvākas.[3]

Content of Taittiriya Samhitā

In it, the mantras[4] and prose passages are mixed up. The verses are to be used in Vedic sacrifices. The prose passages explain how to use them. The sacrifices dealt with in this Samhitā are:

Commentary on Taittiriya Samhitā

Sāyaṇa[5] is the most important of the commentators on this Samhitā. His commentary is not only extensive but also scholastic.


References

  1. Kāṇḍas means sections.
  2. Prapāṭhakas means chapters.
  3. Anuvākas means pieces similar to mantras.
  4. Mantras are the metrical verses.
  5. He lived in 14th century A. D.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore