From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia


Cakrapani is the most famous among the commentators of Caraka Samhita. His commentary has been printed at many places. We learn from his own statements at the end of his Ayurveda-dipikā and Cikitsā sangraha and also from Sivadasa, the commentator of Cikitsā-sangraha that Cakrapani's father's name was Narayana and his elder brother's name was Bhanudatta. Both his father and brother were in the service of the Gauda king, Nayapaala.


Cakrapani's preceptor's name was Naradatta. Historians have noted Nayapala's time to be around 1040-1070 A D. i.e. the middle of the 11th century. Thus the period of this most popular of Caraka's commentator is easily fixed. He was a native of Bengal. This statement is supported by many references internal as well as external. Jayadeva says:

This Cakrapani is reputed to be a resident of Birbhum district of Bengal. There exists even a temple dedicated to the deity called Cakrapaniswara, built by Cakrapani.


From the benedictory opening verses of Cakra-sangraha, we learn that several epithets like Vaidya, Mahāmahopadhyāya and Sivabhakta are christened to him. Besides his unrivaled commentary on Caraka three other works are ascribed to his pen.


  • The Caraka Samhita published by Shree Gulabkunverba Ayurvedic Society, Jamnagar, India