From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Pañcabhutaliñgas (‘Śivaliṅgas connected with the five bhutas or elements’)

Pañcabhutas are the five fundamental elements out of which the whole

material world is created. They are: pṛthvī (earth); ap (water); tejas (fire); vāyu (air); ākāśa (space or ether).

The Śivaliṅgas in some well-known places of pilgrimage are said to be closely associated with these five. They are:

Pṛthviliṅga at Kāñcipuram

(in Tamil Nadu)

Abliṅga at Jambukeśvara

(in Tamil Nadu)

Tejoliñga at Arunācala

(in Tamil Nadu)

Vāyuliṅga at Kālahasti

(in Andhra Pradesh)

Ākāśaliṅga at Cidambaram

(in Tamil Nadu).

The exact reason for such classification is not known.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore