By Swami Harshananda
Viniyogavidhi literally means ‘injunction regarding application’.
Significance of Vedic Sacrifices
Vedic sacrifices involve many complicated rites. Hence treatises on the Purva-mīmāṅsā take great pains to explain in detail all the subtle points in their performance. A vidhi is a Vedic injunction regarding the performance of any Vedic rite like a yāga or sacrifice.
Different Types of Vidhis
Some of the vidhis are:
- Utpattividhi or pradhānavidhi - It indicates the main rite such as, ‘One who desires to attain svarga should perform the Agnihotra sacrifice.’
- Viniyogavidhi or Guṇavidhi - It gives the details of the performance, like ‘He has to offer curds as oblation into the fire of Agnihotra.’
- Viśistavidhi - In this ritual, the specialty is pointed out. For instance, if it is declared, ‘One has to perform the sacrifice through soma,’ it should be understood that a sacrifice in which the soma juice is to be offered, is meant here.
- Svarga means heaven.
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore