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By Jit Majumdar

Sometimes transliterated as: Ajivika, AjivIka, AAjivika

  1. without life; without livelihood
  2. an ancient (now extinct) philosophical and wandering ascetic movement of the Indian subcontinent, who preceded the Buddhists and Jains in origin but were a foremost contemporary rival of those traditions and of the Brahminical tradition, who followed a philosophy of fatalism, determinism, and extreme asceticism, and who were mostly atheists but also occasionally theists.