Difference between revisions of "Āyamukha"

From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia
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Āyamukha literally means ‘source of income’.
 
Āyamukha literally means ‘source of income’.
  
==Types of Income==
+
==Types of Income for a State==
 
Kauṭilya (300 B. C.) the well-known author of Arthaśāstra, classifies two sources of revenue for the State :
 
Kauṭilya (300 B. C.) the well-known author of Arthaśāstra, classifies two sources of revenue for the State :
 
# Āyaśarīra - Body of income
 
# Āyaśarīra - Body of income
 
# Āyamukha - Sources of income
 
# Āyamukha - Sources of income
  
==Types of Āyaśarīra==
+
===Types of Āyaśarīra===
 
According to the āyaśarira the centers of collection comprises of the following  
 
According to the āyaśarira the centers of collection comprises of the following  
 
# Durga - Fortified cities
 
# Durga - Fortified cities
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# Vāripatha - River-borne trade routes
 
# Vāripatha - River-borne trade routes
  
==Types of Āyamukha==
+
===Types of Āyamukha===
 
The subdivisions of āyamukha can be classified as follows :  
 
The subdivisions of āyamukha can be classified as follows :  
 
# Bhāga - Royal share
 
# Bhāga - Royal share

Revision as of 15:44, 24 May 2014

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Ayamukha, Ayamukha, AAyamukha


Āyamukha literally means ‘source of income’.

Types of Income for a State

Kauṭilya (300 B. C.) the well-known author of Arthaśāstra, classifies two sources of revenue for the State :

  1. Āyaśarīra - Body of income
  2. Āyamukha - Sources of income

Types of Āyaśarīra

According to the āyaśarira the centers of collection comprises of the following

  1. Durga - Fortified cities
  2. Rāṣṭra - Rural areas
  3. Khān - Mines
  4. Setu - Irrigation works
  5. Vana - Forests
  6. Vraja - Herds
  7. Vāripatha - River-borne trade routes

Types of Āyamukha

The subdivisions of āyamukha can be classified as follows :

  1. Bhāga - Royal share
  2. Vyāji - Compensation
  3. Parigha - Gate duty
  4. Klṛipta - Fixed tax
  5. Rupika - coins
  6. Atyāya - Money-fine


References

  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore