Śāstrasiddhāntaleśasaṅgraha

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By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Sastrasiddhantalesasangraha, ZAstrasiddhAntaleZasaGgraha, shaastrasiddhaantaleshasangraha


Śāstrasiddhāntaleśasaṅgraha is a well-known and popular work of Appayya Dikṣita[1] It is also known as Siddhāntaleśa-sañgraha. It is a comprehensive survey of the doctrinal interpretations and arguments as formulated by post-Śaṅkara advaitins. Though called as a ‘saṅgraha’[2] it is quite exhaustive. There are four paricchedas or chapters. A very brief summary of the four paricchedas is:

Content of Śāstrasiddhāntaleśasaṅgraha

First Pariccheda

It includes the following topics:

  • Nature of Brahman
  • Distinction between īśvara and jīvas
  • Problem of causality of the world
  • Nature and locus of avidyā and māyā
  • Nature and scope of vidhi[3] in respect of Vedāntic study.

Second Pariccheda

It delineates the following topics:

  • Relative importance of Śruti[4] and pratyakṣa[5]
  • Acceptance of authority of the Śruti
  • Nature of svapna or dream and bhrama or erroneous cognition
  • Dṛṣṭi-sṛṣṭi-vāda
  • Refutation of the theories that a jīva[6] is aṇu[7] and is different from Brahman.

Third Pariccheda

It includes the following topics:

  • Means of mukti or liberation
  • Utility of karma or duties
  • Need for sanyāsa or monastic life
  • Discussion about mulā-jñāna[8]

Fourth Pariccheda

This section includes the following:

  • Jīvanmukti
  • Dispelling of avidyā or ignorance
  • Permanence of mokṣa or liberation
  • Nature of liberation in the context of ekajīvavāda and anekajivavāda

Commentary on Śāstrasiddhāntaleśasaṅgraha

The work has an excellent commentary in the name of Kṛālañkāra by Acyutakṛṣṇānanda Tīrtha.


References

  1. He lived in A. D. 1520-1592.
  2. Saṅgraha means an epitomized version.
  3. Vidhi means injunction.
  4. Śruti means the scripture.
  5. Pratyakṣa means direct perception.
  6. Jīva means individual soul.
  7. Aṇu means atomic in size.
  8. Mulā-jñāna means root-nescience
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore