Difference between revisions of "Śaivāgamas"

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<small>By Swami Harshananda</small>
 
<small>By Swami Harshananda</small>
  
Śaivāgamas
+
Āgamas are post-Vedic religious scriptures relevant even today. They primarily deal with the practical spiritual disciplines, ethical codes and temple rituals. Of the three main divisions of the āgamas, the Śaivāgamas are listed to be the first. They are also called by other names such as Samhitā and Mahā[[tantra]]. They had already come into existence by the first century B. C. Their philosophical tenets are the same as those of the Pāśupata sect.
  
Āgamas are post-Vedic Hindu scriptures relevant even today. They primarily deal with practical spiritual disciplines, ethical codes and temple rituals.
+
==Classification of Śaivāgamas==
 +
The Śaivāgamas are divided into two groups:
 +
# Pradhānāgamas - It comprises of 28 works.  
 +
# Upāgamas - It comprises of either 208 or 225 works.
  
Of the three main divisions of the āgamas (See ĀGAMAS.), the Śaivāgamas are listed as the first. They are also called by other names such as Sariihitā and Mahātantra. They had already come into existence by the first century B. C.
+
The twenty-eight major āgamas are:
 +
# Acintyāgama
 +
# Ajitāgama
 +
# Amśumānāgama
 +
# Analāgama
 +
# Bimbāgama
 +
# Candrajñānāgama
 +
# Diptāgama
 +
# Kāmikāgama
 +
# Kāranāgama
 +
# Kiranāgama
 +
# Lalitāgama
 +
# Makutāgama
 +
# Niśśvāsāgama
 +
# Pārameśvarāgama
 +
# Prodgitāgama
 +
# Rauravāgama
 +
# Sāhasrāgama
 +
# Santānāgama
 +
# Śarvāgama
 +
# Siddhāgama
 +
# Sūkṣmāgama
 +
# Suprabhedāgama
 +
# Svāyambhuvāgama
 +
# Vātulāgama
 +
# Vijayāgama
 +
# Vimalāgama
 +
# Virāgama
 +
# Yogajāgama
  
Their philosophical tenets are the same as those of the Pāśupata cult (See ŚAIVISM.).
+
==Evolution of 5 Major Śaivāgamas==
 +
These major āgamas have evolved out of the five faces of [[Śiva]]<ref>He is also called as [[Pañcānana]].</ref> as follows:
  
The Śaivāgamas are divided into two groups: pradhānāgamas and upāgamas.
+
===Sadyojāta===
 +
It has the following sub sections:
 +
# Kāmika
 +
# Yogaja
 +
# [[Acintya]]
 +
# Kārana
 +
# Ajita
  
The former comprises 28 works and the latter either 208 or 225.
+
===Vāmadeva===
 +
It has the following sub sections:
 +
# Dīpta
 +
# Sūkṣma
 +
# Sāhasra
 +
# Arhśumān
 +
# Suprabheda
  
The twenty-eight major āgamas are: Acintyāgama, Ajitāgama, Amśumānāgama, Analāgama, Bimbāgama, Candrajñānāgama, Diptāgama, Kāmikāgama, Kāranāgama, Kiranāgama, Lalitāgama, Makutāgama, Niśśvāsāgama, Pārameśvarāgama, Prodgitāgama, Rauravāgama, Sāhasrāgama, Santānāgama, Śarvāgama, Siddhāgama, Sūksmāgama, Suprabhedāgama, Svāyambhuvāgama, Vātulāgama, Vijayāgama, Vimalāgama,
+
===Aghora===
 +
# Vijaya
 +
# Niśśvāsa
 +
# Svāyambhuva
 +
# [[Anala]]
 +
# Vīra
  
Vlrāgama, Yogajāgama.
+
===Tatpuruṣa===
 +
# Raurava
 +
# Makuta
 +
# Vimala
 +
# Candrajñāna
 +
# [[Bimba]]
  
These major āgamas have evolved out of the five faces of Śiva (= Pañcānana) as follows:
+
===Īśāna===
 +
# Prodgita
 +
# Lalita
 +
# Siddha
 +
# Santana
 +
# Śarva
 +
# Pārameśvara
 +
# Kirana
 +
# Vātula
  
1. Sadyojāta : Kāmika, Yogaja, Acintya,
+
==Existence of Śivasamhitās==
 +
Sometimes, the first ten āgamas listed under the first two aspects of [[Śiva]] are named as Śivasamhitās and the rest as Rudrasamhitās. All these āgamās follow the standard pattern of the fourfold division:
 +
# Jñanapāda
 +
# Yogapāda
 +
# Kriyāpāda
 +
# Caryāpāda
  
Kārana, Ajita.
+
The process of taking dīkṣā or initiation, for anyone who wishes to practice the disciplines of the Śaivāgamas, has been explained in details. It varies according to the [[gotra]]<ref>[[Gotra]] means lineage.</ref> and Vedic śākhā<ref>Vedic śākhā is the branch assigned for study.</ref> of the seeker, thereby confirming that the Śaivāgamas are very much a part of the Vedic tradition.
 
+
2. Vāmadeva: Dīpta, Sūksma, Sāhasra,
+
 
+
Arhśumān, Suprabheda.
+
3. Aghora : Vijaya, Niśśvāsa,
+
 
+
Svāyambhuva,
+
 
+
Anala, Vīra.
+
 
+
4. Tatpuruṣa : Raurava, Makuta, Vimala,
+
 
+
Candrajñāna, Bimba.
+
 
+
5. īśāna : Prodgita, Lalita, Siddha,
+
 
+
Santana, Śarva, Pārameśvara,
+
 
+
Kirana, Vātula.
+
 
+
Sometimes, the first ten āgamas listed under the first two aspects of Śiva are named as Sivasamhitās and the rest as Rudrasamhitās.
+
 
+
All these āgamās follow the standard pattern of the fourfold division, viz., Jñanapāda, Yogapāda, Kriyāpāda and Caryāpāda. (See ĀGAMAS for details.)
+
 
+
Anyone who wishes to practise the disciplines of the Śaivāgamas has to undergo dīkṣā or initiation. The process is explained in detail. One interesting point is that it varies according to the gotra (lineage) and Vedic śākhā (branch assigned for study) of the seeker, thereby confirming that the Śaivāgamas are very much a part of the Vedic tradition.
+
  
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
{{reflist}}
 
{{reflist}}
* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore
+
* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram [[Krishna]] Math, Bangalore
== OLD CONTENT ==
+
<small>By Swami Harshananda</small>
+
  
Śaivāgamas
+
[[Category:Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism]]
 
+
Āgamas are post-Vedic Hindu scriptures relevant even today. They primarily deal with practical spiritual disciplines, ethical codes and temple rituals.
+
 
+
Of the three main divisions of the āgamas (See ĀGAMAS.), the Śaivāgamas are listed as the first. They are also called by other names such as Samhitā and Mahātantra. They had already come into existence by the first century B. C.
+
 
+
Their philosophical tenets are the same as those of the Pāśupata cult (See ŚAIVISM.).
+
 
+
The Śaivāgamas are divided into two groups: pradhānāgamas and upāgamas.
+
 
+
The former comprises 28 works and the latter either 208 or 225.
+
 
+
The twenty-eight major āgamas are: Acintyāgama, Ajitāgama, Amśumānāgama, Analāgama, Bimbāgama, Candrajñānāgama, Diptāgama, Kāmikāgama, Kāranāgama, Kiranāgama, Lalitāgama, Makutāgama, Niśśvāsāgama, Pārameśvarāgama, Prodgitāgama, Rauravāgama, Sāhasrāgama, Santānāgama, Śarvāgama, Siddhāgama, Suksmāgama, Suprabhedāgama, Svāyambhuvāgama, Vātulāgama, Vijayāgama, Vimalāgama,
+
 
+
Vlrāgama, Yogajāgama.
+
 
+
These major āgamas have evolved out of the five faces of Śiva (= Pañcānana) as follows:
+
 
+
1. Sadyojāta : Kāmika, Yogaja, Acintya,
+
 
+
Kārana, Ajita.
+
 
+
2. Vāmadeva: Dīpta, Suksma, Sāhasra,
+
 
+
Arhśumān, Suprabheda.
+
 
+
3. Aghora : Vijaya, Niśśvāsa,
+
 
+
Svāyambhuva,
+
 
+
Anala, Vīra.
+
 
+
4. Tatpuruṣa : Raurava, Makuta, Vimala,
+
 
+
Candrajñāna, Bimba.
+
 
+
5. īśāna : Prodgita, Lalita, Siddha,
+
 
+
Santana, Śarva, Pārameśvara,
+
 
+
Kirana, Vātula.
+
 
+
Sometimes, the first ten āgamas listed under the first two aspects of Siva are named as Sivasamhitās and the rest as Rudrasamhitās.
+
 
+
All these āgamās follow the standard pattern of the fourfold division, viz., Jñanapāda, Yogapāda, Kriyāpāda and Caryāpāda. (See ĀGAMAS for details.)
+
 
+
Anyone who wishes to practise the disciplines of the Śaivāgamas has to undergo dīkṣā or initiation. The process is explained in detail. One interesting point is that it varies according to the gotra (lineage) and Vedic śākhā (branch assigned for study) of the seeker, thereby confirming that the Śaivāgamas are very much a part of the Vedic tradition.
+
 
+
 
+
==References==
+
{{reflist}}
+
* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore
+
== OLD CONTENT ==
+
Śaivāgamas
+
Āgamas are post-Vedic Hindu scrip¬tures relevant even today. They primarily deal with practical spiritual disciplines, ethical codes and temple rituals.
+
Of the three main divisions of the āgamas (See ĀGAMAS.), the Śaivāgamas are listed as the first. They are also called by other names such as Sariihitā and Mahātantra. They had already come into existence by the first century B. C.
+
Their philosophical tenets are the same as those of the Pāśupata cult (See ŚAIVISM.).
+
The Śaivāgamas are divided into two groups: pradhānāgamas and upāgamas.
+
The former comprises 28 works and the latter either 208 or 225.
+
The twenty-eight major āgamas are: Acintyāgama, Ajitāgama, Amśumānāgama, Analāgama, Bimbāgama, Candrajñānāgama, Diptāgama, Kāmikāgama, Kāranāgama, Kiranāgama, Lalitāgama, Makutāgama, Niśśvāsāgama, Pārameśvarāgama, Prodgitāgama, Rauravāgama, Sāhasrāgama, Santānāgama, Śarvāgama, Siddhāgama, Suksmāgama, Suprabhedāgama, Svāyambhuvāgama, Vātulāgama, Vijayāgama, Vimalāgama,
+
Vlrāgama, Yogajāgama.
+
These major āgamas have evolved out of the five faces of Śiva (= Pañcānana) as follows:
+
1. Sadyojāta : Kāmika, Yogaja, Acintya,
+
Kārana, Ajita.
+
2. Vāmadeva: Dīpta, Suksma, Sāhasra,
+
Arhśumān, Suprabheda.
+
3. Aghora : Vijaya, Niśśvāsa,
+
Svāyambhuva,
+
Anala, Vīra.
+
4. Tatpuruṣa : Raurava, Makuta, Vimala,
+
Candrajñāna, Bimba.
+
5. īśāna : Prodgita, Lalita, Siddha,
+
Santana, Śarva, Pārameśvara,
+
Kirana, Vātula.
+
Sometimes, the first ten āgamas listed under the first two aspects of Śiva are named as Sivasamhitās and the rest as Rudrasamhitās.
+
All these āgamās follow the standard pattern of the fourfold division, viz., Jñanapāda, Yogapāda, Kriyāpāda and Caryāpāda. (See ĀGAMAS for details.)
+
Anyone who wishes to practise the disciplines of the Śaivāgamas has to undergo dīkṣā or initiation. The process is explained in detail. One interesting point is that it varies according to the gotra (lineage) and Vedic śākhā (branch assigned for study) of the seeker, thereby confirming that the Śaivāgamas are very much a part of the Vedic tradition.
+

Latest revision as of 14:29, 19 December 2016

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Saivagamas, ZaivAgamas, shaivaagamas


Āgamas are post-Vedic religious scriptures relevant even today. They primarily deal with the practical spiritual disciplines, ethical codes and temple rituals. Of the three main divisions of the āgamas, the Śaivāgamas are listed to be the first. They are also called by other names such as Samhitā and Mahātantra. They had already come into existence by the first century B. C. Their philosophical tenets are the same as those of the Pāśupata sect.

Classification of Śaivāgamas

The Śaivāgamas are divided into two groups:

  1. Pradhānāgamas - It comprises of 28 works.
  2. Upāgamas - It comprises of either 208 or 225 works.

The twenty-eight major āgamas are:

  1. Acintyāgama
  2. Ajitāgama
  3. Amśumānāgama
  4. Analāgama
  5. Bimbāgama
  6. Candrajñānāgama
  7. Diptāgama
  8. Kāmikāgama
  9. Kāranāgama
  10. Kiranāgama
  11. Lalitāgama
  12. Makutāgama
  13. Niśśvāsāgama
  14. Pārameśvarāgama
  15. Prodgitāgama
  16. Rauravāgama
  17. Sāhasrāgama
  18. Santānāgama
  19. Śarvāgama
  20. Siddhāgama
  21. Sūkṣmāgama
  22. Suprabhedāgama
  23. Svāyambhuvāgama
  24. Vātulāgama
  25. Vijayāgama
  26. Vimalāgama
  27. Virāgama
  28. Yogajāgama

Evolution of 5 Major Śaivāgamas

These major āgamas have evolved out of the five faces of Śiva[1] as follows:

Sadyojāta

It has the following sub sections:

  1. Kāmika
  2. Yogaja
  3. Acintya
  4. Kārana
  5. Ajita

Vāmadeva

It has the following sub sections:

  1. Dīpta
  2. Sūkṣma
  3. Sāhasra
  4. Arhśumān
  5. Suprabheda

Aghora

  1. Vijaya
  2. Niśśvāsa
  3. Svāyambhuva
  4. Anala
  5. Vīra

Tatpuruṣa

  1. Raurava
  2. Makuta
  3. Vimala
  4. Candrajñāna
  5. Bimba

Īśāna

  1. Prodgita
  2. Lalita
  3. Siddha
  4. Santana
  5. Śarva
  6. Pārameśvara
  7. Kirana
  8. Vātula

Existence of Śivasamhitās

Sometimes, the first ten āgamas listed under the first two aspects of Śiva are named as Śivasamhitās and the rest as Rudrasamhitās. All these āgamās follow the standard pattern of the fourfold division:

  1. Jñanapāda
  2. Yogapāda
  3. Kriyāpāda
  4. Caryāpāda

The process of taking dīkṣā or initiation, for anyone who wishes to practice the disciplines of the Śaivāgamas, has been explained in details. It varies according to the gotra[2] and Vedic śākhā[3] of the seeker, thereby confirming that the Śaivāgamas are very much a part of the Vedic tradition.


References

  1. He is also called as Pañcānana.
  2. Gotra means lineage.
  3. Vedic śākhā is the branch assigned for study.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore