Śakuni

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By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Sakuni, Zakuni, shakuni


Śakuni

Śakuni of the Mahābhārata could rival even Satan in his villainy and craftiness. If Duryodhana’s heart was full of the raging fire of jealousy and hatred, Śakuni was the breezy wind that spread it in his whole personality, ultimately destroying his entire race.

He was the eldest son of the king Subala of the country of Gāndhāra. Gāndhārī, the chief queen of the blind king Dhrtarāstra, was his sister. Ever since her marriage, Śakuni started living in Hastināpura, the capital of the kings of the Kuru race.

He had the master-mind of an evil genius and relentlessly prodded Duryo-dhana in his wicked pursuits.

His nefarious designs and vile deeds may briefly be listed as follows: cheating the Pāṇḍavas in the game of dice; advising Duryodhana to decimate the Pāṇḍavas by any and every means; encouraging Duryodhana to exhibit his glory, wealth and power before the Pāṇḍavas living as recluses in the forest and so on. He too participated in the Kurukṣetra war and was killed by Sahadeva on the last day.

He is said to have been born out of the anger of the devas or gods, to destroy

righteousness (Ādiparva 63.111).

See also mahābhārata.

The epics and the purāṇas mention a few other Śakunis like a serpent, a demon, a king and a sage.


References

  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

OLD CONTENT

Śakuni Śakuni of the Mahābhārata could rival even Satan in his villainy and craftiness. If Duryodhana’s heart was full of the raging fire of jealousy and hatred, Śakuni was the breezy wind that spread it in his whole personality, ultimately destroying his entire race. He was the eldest son of the king Subala of the country of Gāndhāra. Gāndhārī, the chief queen of the blind king Dhrtarāṣtra, was his sister. Ever since her marriage, Śakuni started living in Hastināpura, the capital of the kings of the Kuru race. He had the master-mind of an evil genius and relentlessly prodded Duryo- dhana in his wicked pursuits. His nefarious designs and vile deeds may briefly be listed as follows: cheating the Pāṇḍavas in the game of dice; advising Duryodhana to decimate the Pāṇḍavas by any and every means; encouraging Duryodhana to exhibit his glory, wealth and power before the Pāṇḍavas living as recluses in the forest and so on. He too participated in the Kurukṣetra war and was killed by Sahadeva on the last day. He is said to have been born out of the anger of the devas or gods, to destroy righteousness (Ādiparva 63.111). See also MAHĀBHĀRATA. The epics and the purāṇas mention a few other Śakunis like a serpent, a demon, a king and a sage.