Difference between revisions of "Śakuntalā"

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<small>By Swami Harshananda</small>
 
<small>By Swami Harshananda</small>
  
Śakuntalā
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==Origin of Story of Śakuntalā==
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The [[origins]] of the well-known legend of Śakuntalā based on which the great poet Kālidāsa<ref>He lived in 2nd century B. C.</ref> wrote his immortal drama [[Abhijñāna]]-śākuntalam lay in the Mahā[[bhārata]]<ref>[[Ādiparva]], Chapters 68-74</ref> and also the [[Padmapurāṇa]].<ref>Story of Śakuntalā is in the [[Svarga]]-khanda.</ref>
  
The origins of the well-known legend of Śakuntalā based on which the great poet Kālidāsa (2nd century B. C.) wrote his immortal drama Abhijñāna-śākuntalam lie in the Mahābhārata (Ādiparva, Chapters 68-74) as also the Padmapurāna (Svarga-khanda).
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==Life of Śakuntalā==
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She was born to Menakā<ref>Menakā was a nymph.</ref> from [[Viśvāmitra]], to wreck whose austerities Indra, the king of the gods, had sent her. However, as both the parents abandoned her, the śakunta birds<ref>These birds are known as ravens.</ref> took care of her, thereby getting her the name Śakuntalā. The sage [[Kaṇva]] who found the abandoned baby, carried her to his own hermitage and brought her up as his foster daughter.
  
She was born to Menakā (a nymph) from Viśvāmitra, to wreck whose austerities Indra, the king of the gods, had sent her. However, as both the parents abandoned her, the śakunta birds (ravens) took care of her, thereby getting her the name Śakuntalā.
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When she had grown into a beautiful young woman, Duṣyanta, the king of the lunar race happened to visit [[Kaṇva]]’s hermitage. They fell in love with each other and married according to the [[gāndharva]] rites. The same was approved by the sage Kaṇva who came to know about it later. In course of time, Śakuntalā gave birth to a heroic child whose strength and valor astonished everyone. He was named Sarvadamana. He is famous as [[BhArata|Bharata]].
  
The sage Kaṇva who found the abandoned baby, carried her to his own hermitage and brought her up as his foster daughter.
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Later, when Śakuntalā went with [[Bharata]] and the disciples of the sage Kaṇva to Duṣyanta to live with him, he hesitated to accept her. At the intervention of an ākāśavāṇi,<ref>Ākāśavāṇi means a celestial message from an unseen god.</ref> he accepted her as his queen and coronated [[Bharata]] as the crown-prince. The name [[Bhāratavarṣa]] or [[Bhārata]] for India and the lineage of Bharatavaṅśa started from him.
  
When she had grown into a beautiful young woman, Duṣyanta, the king of the lunar race happened to visit Kaṇva’s hermitage. They fell in love with each other and married according to the gāndharva rites. (See VIVĀHA for details.) The same was approved by the sage Kaṇva who came to know about it later.
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==Variation in the Story==
 
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There is a slight deviation in the story as given by Kālidāsa. Due to a curse of the sage Durvāsa, who was once ignored by Śakuntalā, Duṣyanta could not recognize her. However, when the signet ring he had given to her was accidentally lost but miraculously recovered and shown to him, he remembered everything and gracefully accepted her.
In course of time Śakuntalā gave birth to a heroic child whose strength and valour astonished everyone. He was named Sarvadamana as also Bharata.
+
 
+
Later, when Śakuntalā went with Bharata and the disciples of the sage Kaṇva to Duṣyanta to live with him, he hesitated to accept her. At the intervention
+
 
+
of an ākāśavāṇi (a celestial message from an unseen god), he accepted her as his
+
 
+
queen and coronated Bharata as the crown-prince. The name Bhāratavarṣa or Bhārata for India and the lineage of Bharatavamśa started from him.
+
 
+
There is a slight deviation in the story as given by Kālidāsa. Due to a curse of the sage Durvāsa who was once ignored by Śakuntalā, Duṣyanta could not recognise her. However, when the signet ring he had given to her was accidentally lost but miraculously recovered and shown to him, he remembered everything and gracefully accepted her.
+
  
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
{{reflist}}
 
{{reflist}}
* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore
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* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram [[Krishna]] Math, Bangalore
== OLD CONTENT ==
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Śakuntalā
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[[Category:Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism]]
The origins of the well-known legend of Śakuntalā based on which the great poet Kālidāsa (2nd century B. C.) wrote his immortal drama Abhijñāna-śākuntalam lie in the Mahābhārata (Ādiparva, Chapters 68-74) as also the Padmapurāna (Svarga- khanda).
+
She was born to Menakā (a nymph) from Viśvāmitra, to wreck whose austeri¬ties Indra, the king of the gods, had sent her. However, as both the parents aban¬doned her, the śakunta birds (ravens) took care of her, thereby getting her the name Śakuntalā.
+
The sage Kaṇva who found the abandoned baby, carried her to his own hermitage and brought her up as his foster daughter.
+
When she had grown into a beautiful young woman, Duṣyanta, the king of the lunar race happened to visit Kaṇva’s hermitage. They fell in love with each other and married according to the gāndharva rites. (See VIVĀHA for details.) The same was approved by the sage Kaṇva who came to know about it later.
+
In course of time Śakuntalā gave birth to a heroic child whose strength and valour astonished everyone. He was named Sarvadamana as also Bharata.
+
Later, when Śakuntalā went with Bharata and the disciples of the sage Kaṇva to Duṣyanta to live with him, he hesitated to accept her. At the intervention
+
of an ākāśavāṇi (a celestial message from an unseen god), he accepted her as his queen and coronated Bharata as the crown-prince. The name Bhāratavarṣa or Bhārata for India and the lineage of Bharatavariiśa started from him.
+
There is a slight deviation in the story as given by Kālidāsa. Due to a curse of the sage Durvāsa who was once ignored by Sakuntalā, Duṣyanta could not recog¬nise her. However, when the signet ring he had given to her was accidentally lost but miraculously recovered and shown to him, he remembered everything and gracefully accepted her.
+

Latest revision as of 14:34, 19 December 2016

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Sakuntala, ZakuntalA, shakuntalaa


Origin of Story of Śakuntalā

The origins of the well-known legend of Śakuntalā based on which the great poet Kālidāsa[1] wrote his immortal drama Abhijñāna-śākuntalam lay in the Mahābhārata[2] and also the Padmapurāṇa.[3]

Life of Śakuntalā

She was born to Menakā[4] from Viśvāmitra, to wreck whose austerities Indra, the king of the gods, had sent her. However, as both the parents abandoned her, the śakunta birds[5] took care of her, thereby getting her the name Śakuntalā. The sage Kaṇva who found the abandoned baby, carried her to his own hermitage and brought her up as his foster daughter.

When she had grown into a beautiful young woman, Duṣyanta, the king of the lunar race happened to visit Kaṇva’s hermitage. They fell in love with each other and married according to the gāndharva rites. The same was approved by the sage Kaṇva who came to know about it later. In course of time, Śakuntalā gave birth to a heroic child whose strength and valor astonished everyone. He was named Sarvadamana. He is famous as Bharata.

Later, when Śakuntalā went with Bharata and the disciples of the sage Kaṇva to Duṣyanta to live with him, he hesitated to accept her. At the intervention of an ākāśavāṇi,[6] he accepted her as his queen and coronated Bharata as the crown-prince. The name Bhāratavarṣa or Bhārata for India and the lineage of Bharatavaṅśa started from him.

Variation in the Story

There is a slight deviation in the story as given by Kālidāsa. Due to a curse of the sage Durvāsa, who was once ignored by Śakuntalā, Duṣyanta could not recognize her. However, when the signet ring he had given to her was accidentally lost but miraculously recovered and shown to him, he remembered everything and gracefully accepted her.


References

  1. He lived in 2nd century B. C.
  2. Ādiparva, Chapters 68-74
  3. Story of Śakuntalā is in the Svarga-khanda.
  4. Menakā was a nymph.
  5. These birds are known as ravens.
  6. Ākāśavāṇi means a celestial message from an unseen god.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore