Difference between revisions of "Śastra"

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<small>By Swami Harshananda</small>
 
<small>By Swami Harshananda</small>
  
Śastra literally means ‘that by which one is hurt’.
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Ś[[astra]] literally means ‘that by which one is hurt’.
  
The words astra and śastra are commonly used in the epics and the purāṇas. An astra is a missile discharged from a suitable instrument like a bow whereas a śastra is a weapon like a sword which is directly wielded by the hand.  
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The words [[astra]] and śastra are commonly used in the epics and the [[purāṇas]]. An astra is a missile discharged from a suitable instrument like a bow whereas a śastra is a weapon like a sword which is directly wielded by the hand.  
  
 
[[File:śastra.jpg|thumb|Śastra]]
 
[[File:śastra.jpg|thumb|Śastra]]
  
The word may also be used to indicate an instrument used in surgery. In the Vedas a śastra refers to a laudatory hymn used in a sacrifice that is simply recited and not sung. A stotra is always sung. A śastra belongs to and follows a stotra. It is composed of several verses. Generally it is recited by the hotṛ and his associates called śrotrakas. This recitation involves other steps like āhāva,<ref>Āhāva means summoning.</ref> pratigara,<ref>Pratigara means response.</ref> tuṣṇīrhjapa<ref>Tuṣṇīrhjapa means silent or inaudible recitation.</ref> and so on.
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The word may also be used to indicate an instrument used in surgery. In the [[Vedas]] a śastra refers to a laudatory hymn used in a sacrifice that is simply recited and not sung. A [[stotra]] is always sung. A śastra belongs to and follows a [[stotra]]. It is composed of several verses. Generally it is recited by the [[hotṛ]] and his associates called śrotrakas. This recitation involves other steps like [[Āhāva|āhāva]],<ref>[[Āhāva]] means summoning.</ref> pratigara,<ref>Pratigara means response.</ref> tuṣṇīrhjapa<ref>Tuṣṇīrhjapa means silent or inaudible recitation.</ref> and so on.
  
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
{{reflist}}
 
{{reflist}}
* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore
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* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram [[Krishna]] Math, Bangalore
  
 
[[Category:Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism]]
 
[[Category:Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism]]

Latest revision as of 14:38, 19 December 2016

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Sastra, Zastra, shastra


Śastra literally means ‘that by which one is hurt’.

The words astra and śastra are commonly used in the epics and the purāṇas. An astra is a missile discharged from a suitable instrument like a bow whereas a śastra is a weapon like a sword which is directly wielded by the hand.

The word may also be used to indicate an instrument used in surgery. In the Vedas a śastra refers to a laudatory hymn used in a sacrifice that is simply recited and not sung. A stotra is always sung. A śastra belongs to and follows a stotra. It is composed of several verses. Generally it is recited by the hotṛ and his associates called śrotrakas. This recitation involves other steps like āhāva,[1] pratigara,[2] tuṣṇīrhjapa[3] and so on.


References

  1. Āhāva means summoning.
  2. Pratigara means response.
  3. Tuṣṇīrhjapa means silent or inaudible recitation.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore