Difference between revisions of "Śrautasutras"

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==Origin of Śrautasutras==
 
==Origin of Śrautasutras==
It is quite difficult to understand the Vedas because of the archaic language and the esoteric rites described there, most of which are completely unfamiliar and unknown to us today. However, the six Vedāṅgas<ref>Vedāṅgas means subsidiary sciences of the Vedas.</ref> help us to a great extent in unraveling their mystery and even guide us to perform these Vedic rites. Out of the six Vedāṅgas, the last one is called Kalpasutras. This has branched off into four fields, the first of which is the Śrautasutras.
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It is quite difficult to understand the [[Vedas]] because of the archaic language and the esoteric rites described there, most of which are completely unfamiliar and unknown to us today. However, the six [[Vedāṅgas]]<ref>[[Vedāṅgas]] means subsidiary sciences of the [[Vedas]].</ref> help us to a great extent in unraveling their mystery and even guide us to perform these Vedic rites. Out of the six Vedāṅgas, the last one is called [[Kalpasutras]]. This has branched off into four fields, the first of which is the Śrautasutras.
  
 
==Contents of Śrautasutras==
 
==Contents of Śrautasutras==
The Śrautasutras are concerned mainly with the details connected with the performance of the Vedic sacrifices. A few of these may be listed as follows:
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The Śrautasutras are concerned mainly with the details connected with the performance of the [[Vedic Sacrifices|Vedic sacrifices]]. A few of these may be listed as follows:
 
* The yajamāna<ref>Yajamāna means sacrificer.</ref> and the ṛtviks<ref>Ṛtviks means priests.</ref>
 
* The yajamāna<ref>Yajamāna means sacrificer.</ref> and the ṛtviks<ref>Ṛtviks means priests.</ref>
 
* Agnyādheya<ref>Agnyādheya means production of fire from the araṇis or wooden pieces for the sacrifice.</ref>
 
* Agnyādheya<ref>Agnyādheya means production of fire from the araṇis or wooden pieces for the sacrifice.</ref>
 
* Details of the performance of some sacrifices like Darśapurṇmāsa, Somayāgas, Cāturmāsya sacrifices, Sattra-yāgas and so on
 
* Details of the performance of some sacrifices like Darśapurṇmāsa, Somayāgas, Cāturmāsya sacrifices, Sattra-yāgas and so on
* Agnicayana or preparing the platform for the sacrifices with bricks etc.
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* [[Agnicayana]] or preparing the platform for the sacrifices with bricks etc.
  
 
==Śrautasutras in Vedas==
 
==Śrautasutras in Vedas==
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# Āśvalāyana Śrautasutras
 
# Āśvalāyana Śrautasutras
 
# Sāñkhāyana Śrautasutras
 
# Sāñkhāyana Śrautasutras
# Śukla Yajurveda
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# Śukla [[Yajurveda]]
 
# Kātyāyana Śrautasutras
 
# Kātyāyana Śrautasutras
# Kṛṣṇa Yajurveda
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# Kṛṣṇa [[Yajurveda]]
 
# Āpastamba Śrautasutras
 
# Āpastamba Śrautasutras
# Baudhāyana Śrautasutras
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# [[Baudhāyana]] Śrautasutras
# Bharadvāja Śrautasutras
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# [[Bharadvāja]] Śrautasutras
 
# Mānava śrautasutras
 
# Mānava śrautasutras
 
# Vaikhānasa śrautasutras
 
# Vaikhānasa śrautasutras
  
 
===Sāmaveda===
 
===Sāmaveda===
Ārseya Kalpasutras or Maśaka Kalpasutras containing the Śrautasutra part also.
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Ārseya [[Kalpasutras]] or Maśaka Kalpasutras containing the Śrautasutra part also.
 
# Drāhyayana Śrautasutras
 
# Drāhyayana Śrautasutras
 
# Jaiminiya Śrautasutras
 
# Jaiminiya Śrautasutras
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==References==
 
==References==
 
{{reflist}}
 
{{reflist}}
* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore
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* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram [[Krishna]] Math, Bangalore
  
 
[[Category:Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism]]
 
[[Category:Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism]]

Latest revision as of 15:14, 19 December 2016

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Srautasutras, Zrautasutras, shrautasutras


Origin of Śrautasutras

It is quite difficult to understand the Vedas because of the archaic language and the esoteric rites described there, most of which are completely unfamiliar and unknown to us today. However, the six Vedāṅgas[1] help us to a great extent in unraveling their mystery and even guide us to perform these Vedic rites. Out of the six Vedāṅgas, the last one is called Kalpasutras. This has branched off into four fields, the first of which is the Śrautasutras.

Contents of Śrautasutras

The Śrautasutras are concerned mainly with the details connected with the performance of the Vedic sacrifices. A few of these may be listed as follows:

  • The yajamāna[2] and the ṛtviks[3]
  • Agnyādheya[4]
  • Details of the performance of some sacrifices like Darśapurṇmāsa, Somayāgas, Cāturmāsya sacrifices, Sattra-yāgas and so on
  • Agnicayana or preparing the platform for the sacrifices with bricks etc.

Śrautasutras in Vedas

All the four Vedas have their respetive Śrautasutras. They may be listed as follows:

Rgveda

  1. Āśvalāyana Śrautasutras
  2. Sāñkhāyana Śrautasutras
  3. Śukla Yajurveda
  4. Kātyāyana Śrautasutras
  5. Kṛṣṇa Yajurveda
  6. Āpastamba Śrautasutras
  7. Baudhāyana Śrautasutras
  8. Bharadvāja Śrautasutras
  9. Mānava śrautasutras
  10. Vaikhānasa śrautasutras

Sāmaveda

Ārseya Kalpasutras or Maśaka Kalpasutras containing the Śrautasutra part also.

  1. Drāhyayana Śrautasutras
  2. Jaiminiya Śrautasutras
  3. Lātyāyana Śrautasutras

Atharvaveda

  1. Vaitāna Śrautasutras

Conclusion

Without the help of these Śrautasutras, it would not have been possible to perform the various Vedic sacrifices.


References

  1. Vedāṅgas means subsidiary sciences of the Vedas.
  2. Yajamāna means sacrificer.
  3. Ṛtviks means priests.
  4. Agnyādheya means production of fire from the araṇis or wooden pieces for the sacrifice.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore