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By Swami Harshananda
Sometimes transliterated as: Amnaya, AmnAya, AAmnaaya
Āmnāya literally means ‘that which is committed to memory’.
The Vedas, the basic scriptures, are known by several other names :
- Śruti - They are called ‘śruti’ since they are ‘heard’ (śru = to hear) by the disciples from the mouth of the teacher.
- Āmnāya - They are known as ‘āmnāya’ since they are learnt by rote, committed to memory (mnā = to commit to memory, to repeat) and are handed down traditionally from the teacher to the disciple.
- Trayī - They are ‘trayi,’ ‘a group of three’ since Rgveda, Yajurveda and Sāmaveda, the three earlier compilations were always considered together.
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore