M. A. Alwar
Sometimes transliterated as: Amsabhak, AMZabhAk, Amshabhaak
Aṃśabhāk literally means ‘a recipient of a share of the property’.
Origin of the Word Aṃśabhāk
The derivation of this word is obtained by adding the suffix ‘aṃśakaḥ’ to the root ‘bhaj’ preceeded by the word ‘aṃśa’. Aṃśaṃ bhajate iti |
Aṃśabhāk as per Baudhayana
According to Baudhāyana "The twice-born belonging to the three castes should do the offering of sacred water to the ancestors in rivers across which dams have not been built." This belief is prevalent because feel that in such rivers, the owner of the dam is said to have rights over the usage of the water of the rivers.
References in Penance Principles
Aṃśabhāk is related to the atonement principles also. “स्रवन्तीष्वनिरुद्धासु त्रयो वर्णा द्विजातयः । प्रातरुत्थाय कर्त्तव्यं देवर्षिपितृतर्पणं” ॥निरुद्धासु न कुर्व्वीरन्नंशभाक् तत्र सेतुकृत् ।