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By M. A. Alwar

Sometimes transliterated as: Arni, ArNI, Arni

Arṇī literally means ‘one who carries no burden of debt; a person who is not a debtor; one who owes no money.

Origin of the Word Arṇī

The first letter ‘a’ is not from the nañ because then the resultant form would be anṛṇī. Instead of that, it should be taken as ‘a’ having the meaning of negation. Due to nipātana, no sandhi can occur.

Pronunciation of the Word Arṇī

Word arṇī ends with the consonant n. The compound can be split into two as "na" and "ṛṇī". This is considered as nañsamāsa.

Illustration for Arṇī

The example of arṇī can be quoted from the verse mentioned in Mahābhārata.[1] The verse implies that ‘one who cooks his food in the last hour of the day, who is not a debtor and not a traveler will rejoice’.


  1. “दिवसस्याष्टमे भागे शाकं पचति यो नरः ।अऋणी चाप्रवासी च स वारिचर मोदते” ॥इति महाभारतं।
  • Shabdakalpadrumah by Raja Radhakantdev, Varadaprasada Vasu, Haricarana Vasu