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By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Haviryajna, HaviryajJa, Haviryajya

Haviryajña literally means ‘a sacrifice in which havis, uncooked oblatory material, is used’.

Classification of Yajñas

Vedic sacrifices called yajñas or yāgas are an ancient religious institution. They have exercised a tremendous influence on the society over the millennia. They are generally classified into three groups:

  1. Pākayajñas
  2. Haviryajñas
  3. Somayāgas

Classification of Haviryajñas

Though the word ‘havis’ means any oblatory material, it generally refers to uncooked materials like barley, rice, milk or ghee. Seven haviryajñas are mentioned in the śrautasutra literature. They are:

  1. Agnyādheya
  2. Agnihotra
  3. Darśapurṇamāsa
  4. Cāturmāsya
  5. Āgrayaṇa
  6. Nirṅḍhapaśubandha
  7. Sautrāmaṇī

Classification of Vedic Fires

All these are performed in the three Vedic fires. They are:

  1. Gārhapatya
  2. Dakṣiṇā
  3. Āhavanīya


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore