Difference between revisions of "Ilā"

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{{Author|M. A. Alwar}}
 
{{Author|M. A. Alwar}}
  
==Ilā - In Ṛgveda==
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==Origin==
# Ilā is mentioned along with Sarasvatī and Mahī as a goddess of light and brilliance.<ref>Ṛgveda 1.13.9</ref>
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Ilā is derived from "ilati viṣṇuvarāt puṁstvaṁ prāpnoti" which means 'attains manhood by the boon of [[Viṣṇu]]'.
# She is accounted as the goddess of the earth. She resides in the center of the earth.
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# She is declared as the daughter of Manu and the teacher of men.<ref>Ṛgveda 1.31.11</ref>
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# The place sanctified by her feet on the sacrificial altar is used to keep the fire of the sacrifice.
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==Ilā - In Purāṇas and Mahābhārata==
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==Gender==
In the purāṇas and the Mahābhārata, she is pictured as the daughter of Manu. Due to several reasons like entering a forbidden place or the efforts of the sages like Vasiṣṭha she undergoes change of sex, becoming the prince Sudyumna or the wife of Budha (and mother of Pururavas) and so on. She used to undergo change of sex once a month!
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Ilā is a feminine form.
  
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==Grammatical Origin==
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It can be split as ila+ka+ṭāp.
  
==Ilā - In Shabdakalpadruma==
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==In Śrībhāgavatam==
Ilā – f.  ilati viṣṇuvarāt puṁstvaṁ prāpnoti (attains manhood by the boon of Viṣṇu. ila+ka+ṭāp. 1. Name of a daughter of Vaivasvata Manu. According to śrībhāgavatam, Ilā, the daughter of Vaivasvata Manu, obtained manhood by the boon of Viṣṇu and became famous as Sudyumna. Then, entering the Kumāravana which was cursed by śaṅkara, became a woman again. Budha took her as his wife and begot Purūravas. Then, her priest Vaśiṣṭha worshipped śaṅkara and got her a boon of being female for a month and being male for another month, alternately.
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* Ilā is the name of a daughter of [[Vaivasvata]] Manu. She obtained manhood by the boon of [[Viṣṇu]] and became famous as Sudyumna.
According to the Rāmāyaṇa, ila, the son of Prajāpati Kardama, entered the birthplace of Kārttikeya and became a woman known as ilā. Then, worshipping Pārvatī, she obtained the boon of being female for a month and being male for another month, alternately. 2. Earth 3. Cow 4. Sentence - Medinī
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* She became woman again by the curse of [[Śaṅkara|śaṅkara]] while entering the Kumāravana.
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* [[Budha]] wedded her and became father of Purūravas.  
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* Then Ilā's priest Vaśiṣṭha worshiped śaṅkara and got her a boon of being male and female for alternate months.
  
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==In Rāmāyaṇa==
 +
* Ilā was the son of [[Prajāpati]] [[Kardama]], who entered the birthplace of Kārttikeya and became a woman known as ilā.
 +
* After worshiping Pārvatī, she obtained the boon of being male and female for alternate months.
 +
 +
==In Ṛgveda==
 +
* Ilā is recognized as a goddess of light and brilliance along with [[Sarasvatī]] and Mahī.<ref>[[Ṛgveda]] 1.13.9</ref>
 +
* She is accounted as the goddess of the earth. She resides in the center of the earth.
 +
* She is declared as the daughter of Manu and the teacher of men.<ref>[[Ṛgveda]] 1.31.11</ref>
 +
* The place sanctified by her feet on the sacrificial altar is used to keep the fire of the sacrifice.
 +
 +
==Ilā In Purāṇas and Mahābhārata==
 +
* She is pictured as the daughter of Manu.
 +
* She has changed her sex to enter a forbidden place or due to the efforts of the sages like [[Vasiṣṭha]].
 +
* She either becomes prince Sudyumna or the wife of [[Budha]] and mother of [[Pururavas]].
 +
* She used to undergo change of sex once a month.
 +
 +
==Synonyms==
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# Earth
 +
# Cow
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# Sentence<ref>As per Medinī.</ref>
  
 
==References==
 
==References==

Latest revision as of 23:15, 16 December 2016

By M. A. Alwar


Sometimes transliterated as: Ila, IlA, Ilaa


Origin

Ilā is derived from "ilati viṣṇuvarāt puṁstvaṁ prāpnoti" which means 'attains manhood by the boon of Viṣṇu'.

Gender

Ilā is a feminine form.

Grammatical Origin

It can be split as ila+ka+ṭāp.

In Śrībhāgavatam

  • Ilā is the name of a daughter of Vaivasvata Manu. She obtained manhood by the boon of Viṣṇu and became famous as Sudyumna.
  • She became woman again by the curse of śaṅkara while entering the Kumāravana.
  • Budha wedded her and became father of Purūravas.
  • Then Ilā's priest Vaśiṣṭha worshiped śaṅkara and got her a boon of being male and female for alternate months.

In Rāmāyaṇa

  • Ilā was the son of Prajāpati Kardama, who entered the birthplace of Kārttikeya and became a woman known as ilā.
  • After worshiping Pārvatī, she obtained the boon of being male and female for alternate months.

In Ṛgveda

  • Ilā is recognized as a goddess of light and brilliance along with Sarasvatī and Mahī.[1]
  • She is accounted as the goddess of the earth. She resides in the center of the earth.
  • She is declared as the daughter of Manu and the teacher of men.[2]
  • The place sanctified by her feet on the sacrificial altar is used to keep the fire of the sacrifice.

Ilā In Purāṇas and Mahābhārata

  • She is pictured as the daughter of Manu.
  • She has changed her sex to enter a forbidden place or due to the efforts of the sages like Vasiṣṭha.
  • She either becomes prince Sudyumna or the wife of Budha and mother of Pururavas.
  • She used to undergo change of sex once a month.

Synonyms

  1. Earth
  2. Cow
  3. Sentence[3]

References

  1. Ṛgveda 1.13.9
  2. Ṛgveda 1.31.11
  3. As per Medinī.
  • Shabdakalpadrumah by Raja Radhakantdev, Varadaprasada Vasu, Haricarana Vasu