Kadru

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By Swami Harshananda

Kadru was a daughter of the Prajāpati Dakṣa. She was one of the thirteen wives of the sage Kaśyapa and the mother of serpents. Vinatā, the mother of Garuḍa, was her co-wife.

Once there was a dispute between them regarding the color of the heavenly horse Uccaiśravas. Kadru won it by a wily manoeuvre. Due to this victory, Vinatā became her slave-maid as agreed earlier. However Vinatā was rescued by her valiant son Garuḍa.

The famous serpents Seṣa, Vāsuki, Kārkoṭaka and Dhanañjaya were her sons. Jaratkāru was her daughter. She was later on married to the sage Jaratkāru who was instrumental in stopping the sarpayāga[1] of Janamejaya, the son of Parīkṣit.


References

  1. Sarpayāga means sacrifice of snakes.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore