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By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Mahesvari, MAheZvarI, Maaheshvari

Māheśvarī literally means ‘spouse of Maheśvara’, ‘the Great Goddess or Mistress’.

She is Pārvati, the feminine counterpart of Maheśvara Śiva. She can be described as below:

  • She is shown as fair-complexioned with three eyes and four arms.
  • She wears a crown of hair (jatā- mukuṭa).
  • She is bedecked with all ornaments.
  • She carries the battle-axe (paraśu) and the deer (mṛga) in two hands
  • She shows the hand-poses of protection (abhaya) and giving boons (varada) with the other two.
  • She rides on a bull (Nandi).


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore