Mālaviya, Madanmohan

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By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Malaviya, Madanmohan, MAlaviya, Madanmohan, Maalaviya, Madanmohan

Mālaviya, Madanmohan lived in A. D. 1861-1946. He is ever remembered as the founder of the well-known center of learning, the Banāras Hindu University (BHU). Paṇḍit Madanmohan Mālaviya was born at Allahabad in Uttar Pradesh.[1] He was the son of Brajnāth, who was himself a great scholar and author in Sanskrit.

After some education in traditional Sanskrit learning, he studied in English schools and colleges ultimately getting a degree in law. He worked as a teacher first and later practiced law. Like many of his contemporaries, he too jumped into the freedom movement. He was the president of the Indian National Congress for four times in 1909, 1918, 1932 and 1933.

Mālaviya was a devout Hindu. He was also a great scholar. He was a powerful speaker in Hindi. He helped in starting and running some important journals. He was also closely associated with the Hindu Mahāsabhā, an organisation which started in 1915 to protect the interests of the Hindus.


  1. At that time it was known as the United Provinces.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore