Difference between revisions of "Madhumatī"

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<small>By Swami Harshananda</small>
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madhumatī (‘that which contains [the word] madhu’)
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Offering madhuparka—a liquid preparation containing a mixture of curds, ghee, water, honey and sugar—to the ṛtviks or priests in a Vedic sacrifice is an important way of honouring them. These ṛtviks are expected to sanctify it by looking at it and repeating the three ṛks or verses starting with ‘madhu vātā ṛtāyate’ and ending with ‘mādhvīr gāvo bhavantu nah’ (Rgveda 1.90.6-8). Since all the three verses begin with the word ‘madhu’ they are together called ‘madhumatī’ verses.
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This repetition brings auspiciousness on the yajamāna or the sacrificer.
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This procedure is mentioned in the Āśvalāyana Grhyasutras (1.24.5-26) as also in the Pāraskara Grhyasutras (1.3).
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==References==
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{{reflist}}
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* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore
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== OLD CONTENT ==
 
madhumatī (‘that which contains [the word] madhu’)
 
madhumatī (‘that which contains [the word] madhu’)
 
Offering madhuparka—a liquid preparation containing a mixture of curds, ghee, water, honey and sugar—to the ṛtviks or priests in a Vedic sacrifice is an important way of honouring them. These ṛtviks are expected to sanctify it by looking at it and repeating the three ṛks or verses starting with ‘madhu vātā ṛtāyate’ and ending with ‘mādhvīr gāvo bhavantu nah’ (Rgveda 1.90.6-8). Since all the three verses begin with the word ‘madhu’ they are together called ‘madhumatī’ verses.
 
Offering madhuparka—a liquid preparation containing a mixture of curds, ghee, water, honey and sugar—to the ṛtviks or priests in a Vedic sacrifice is an important way of honouring them. These ṛtviks are expected to sanctify it by looking at it and repeating the three ṛks or verses starting with ‘madhu vātā ṛtāyate’ and ending with ‘mādhvīr gāvo bhavantu nah’ (Rgveda 1.90.6-8). Since all the three verses begin with the word ‘madhu’ they are together called ‘madhumatī’ verses.

Revision as of 09:20, 12 October 2014

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Madhumati, MadhumatI, Madhumati


madhumatī (‘that which contains [the word] madhu’)

Offering madhuparka—a liquid preparation containing a mixture of curds, ghee, water, honey and sugar—to the ṛtviks or priests in a Vedic sacrifice is an important way of honouring them. These ṛtviks are expected to sanctify it by looking at it and repeating the three ṛks or verses starting with ‘madhu vātā ṛtāyate’ and ending with ‘mādhvīr gāvo bhavantu nah’ (Rgveda 1.90.6-8). Since all the three verses begin with the word ‘madhu’ they are together called ‘madhumatī’ verses.

This repetition brings auspiciousness on the yajamāna or the sacrificer.

This procedure is mentioned in the Āśvalāyana Grhyasutras (1.24.5-26) as also in the Pāraskara Grhyasutras (1.3).


References

  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

OLD CONTENT

madhumatī (‘that which contains [the word] madhu’) Offering madhuparka—a liquid preparation containing a mixture of curds, ghee, water, honey and sugar—to the ṛtviks or priests in a Vedic sacrifice is an important way of honouring them. These ṛtviks are expected to sanctify it by looking at it and repeating the three ṛks or verses starting with ‘madhu vātā ṛtāyate’ and ending with ‘mādhvīr gāvo bhavantu nah’ (Rgveda 1.90.6-8). Since all the three verses begin with the word ‘madhu’ they are together called ‘madhumatī’ verses. This repetition brings auspiciousness on the yajamāna or the sacrificer. This procedure is mentioned in the Āśvalāyana Grhyasutras (1.24.5-26) as also in the Pāraskara Grhyasutras (1.3). madhuparka (‘offering mixed with honey’) An atithi or a guest has to be treated as if he is a god. Thus states the Taittirīya Upanisad (1.11). Honouring guests and elders as also holy persons has been a bounden duty, especially for the gṛhastha or the house¬holder. Madhuparka is an important item offered to such guests. It may be prepared out of three materials (curds, honey and ghee) or five (curds, honey, ghee, water and ground grain or sugar). In the earliest days, flesh was one of these five items, but seems to have been given up later when flesh-eating came to be abhorred. The persons to whom madhuparka has to be offered, especially when they come to one’s house, are: ṛtvik (Vedic priest), ācārya (preceptor), bride-groom (during marriage), snātaka (a student of Vedic studies who has just graduated) and a king. Elaborate rules have been given in the smṛtis as to the mode of offering madhuparka and also in receiving and consuming it {vide Āśvalāyana Grhya¬sutras 1.24.5-26). The Kauśikasutras (92) dealing with the gṛhya rites mentions nine kinds of mixtures as fit to be offered like madhu¬parka. For instance the brāhma mixture has honey and curds; the aindra, pāyasa (pudding) only; saumya, curds and ghee; vāruṇa, water and ghee and so on. These mixtures seem to be offered during certain Vedic sacrifices like Rājasuya and Sautrāmaṇi. Madhurā See MATHURĀ.