Difference between revisions of "Mahāvākyas"

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Mahāvākyas literally means ‘great sentences’.
 
Mahāvākyas literally means ‘great sentences’.
  
The post-Śaṅkara writers on Advaita Vedānta have mentioned four sentences taken from four Upaniṣads and belonging to the four Vedas which teach the unity of the ātman and Brahman as four ‘mahāvākyas’ or great sentences. They are:
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The post-[[Śaṅkara]] writers on [[Advaita]] Vedānta have mentioned four sentences taken from four Upaniṣads and belonging to the four [[Vedas]] which teach the unity of the [[Ātman|ātman]] and [[Brahman]] as four ‘mahāvākyas’ or great sentences. They are:
# Prajñānam brahma - ‘Consciousness is Brahman’ from the Aitareya Upaniṣad<ref>Aitareya Upaniṣad 5.3</ref> of the Ṛgveda
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# Prajñānam [[brahma]] - ‘[[Consciousness]] is [[Brahman]]’ from the [[Aitareya]] Upaniṣad<ref>[[Aitareya]] Upaniṣad 5.3</ref> of the [[Ṛgveda]]
# Aham brahmāsmi - ‘Lam Brahman’ from the Brhadāranyaka Upaniṣad of the Yajurveda<ref>Brhadāranyaka Upaniṣad 1.4.10</ref>
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# Aham brahmāsmi - ‘Lam Brahman’ from the Brhadāranyaka Upaniṣad of the [[Yajurveda]]<ref>Brhadāranyaka Upaniṣad 1.4.10</ref>
# Tat tvam asi - “You are That’ from the Chāndogya Upanisad<ref>Chāndogya Upanisad 6.8.7</ref> of the Sāmaveda  
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# Tat tvam asi - “You are That’ from the Chāndogya Upanisad<ref>Chāndogya Upanisad 6.8.7</ref> of the [[Sāmaveda]]
# Ayamātmā brahma - ‘This ātman is Brahman’ from the Māndukya Upaniṣad<ref>Māndukya Upanisad 2</ref> of the Atharvaveda
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# Ayamātmā [[brahma]] - ‘This ātman is Brahman’ from the Māndukya Upaniṣad<ref>Māndukya Upanisad 2</ref> of the [[Atharvaveda]]
  
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
{{reflist}}
 
{{reflist}}
* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore
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* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram [[Krishna]] Math, Bangalore
  
 
[[Category:Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism]]
 
[[Category:Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism]]

Latest revision as of 10:14, 17 December 2016

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Mahavakyas, MahAvAkyas, Mahaavaakyas


Mahāvākyas literally means ‘great sentences’.

The post-Śaṅkara writers on Advaita Vedānta have mentioned four sentences taken from four Upaniṣads and belonging to the four Vedas which teach the unity of the ātman and Brahman as four ‘mahāvākyas’ or great sentences. They are:

  1. Prajñānam brahma - ‘Consciousness is Brahman’ from the Aitareya Upaniṣad[1] of the Ṛgveda
  2. Aham brahmāsmi - ‘Lam Brahman’ from the Brhadāranyaka Upaniṣad of the Yajurveda[2]
  3. Tat tvam asi - “You are That’ from the Chāndogya Upanisad[3] of the Sāmaveda
  4. Ayamātmā brahma - ‘This ātman is Brahman’ from the Māndukya Upaniṣad[4] of the Atharvaveda


References

  1. Aitareya Upaniṣad 5.3
  2. Brhadāranyaka Upaniṣad 1.4.10
  3. Chāndogya Upanisad 6.8.7
  4. Māndukya Upanisad 2
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore