Difference between revisions of "Niṣāda"

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<small>By Swami Harshananda</small>
 
<small>By Swami Harshananda</small>
  
niṣāda (‘one who sits [or lives on the outskirts of a village]’)
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Niṣāda literally mean ‘one who sits or lives on the outskirts of a village’.
  
Though the fourfold division of the Hindu society, designated as the varṇa-system, is very ancient, mixing up of the varṇas (varṇasañkara) either within the ambit of the sacrament of marriage or outside it, was a real and continuing phenomenon. This gave rise to many new castes and subcastes. The niṣāda is one such.
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==Niṣāda, as per Varṇas==
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Though the fourfold division of the society, designated as the varṇa-system, is very ancient, mixing up of the varṇas<ref>This process is called as varṇasañkara.</ref> either within the ambit of the sacrament of marriage or outside it, was a real and continuing phenomenon. This gave rise to many new castes and subcastes. The niṣāda is one such.
  
Niṣādas were the offsprings of a brāhmaṇa male from a śṅdra woman. They were considered to be outside the pale of the four castes.
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Niṣādas were the offsprings of a brāhmaṇa male from a śudra woman. They were considered to be outside the pale of the four castes. They are often described as dark in color with reddish eyes and living by hunting wild animals.
  
They are often described as dark in colour with reddish eyes and living by hunting wild animals.
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==Niṣāda as per Rāmāyaṇa==
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The Rāmāyaṇa<ref>Ayodhyākānda 50.33</ref><ref>Ayodhyākānda 52.77-92</ref> mentions that Guha who was the chieftain of the niṣādas, helped Rāma to cross the Gaṅgā river. Later he took Bharata to meet Rāma.<ref>Ayodhyākānda 89.12-19</ref>
  
The Rāmāyana (Ayodhyākānda 50.33; 52.77-92) mentions that Guha who was the chieftain of the niṣādas, helped Rāma to cross the Gaṅgā river. Later he took Bharata to meet Rāma (ibid 89.12-19).
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==Niṣāda as per Music==
 
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In music, niṣāda (ni) is the seventh note. It is supposed to come out of the region of lalāṭa<ref>Lalāṭa means forehead.</ref> and resemble the sound of an elephant.
In music, niṣāda (ni) is the seventh note. It is supposed to come out of the region of lalāṭa (forehead) and resemble the sound of an elephant.
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{{reflist}}
 
{{reflist}}
 
* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore
 
* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore
== OLD CONTENT ==
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niṣāda (‘one who sits [or lives on the outskirts of a village]’)
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[[Category:Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism]]
Though the fourfold division of the Hindu society, designated as the varṇa- system, is very ancient, mixing up of the varṇas (varṇasañkara) either within the ambit of the sacrament of marriage or outside it, was a real and continuing phenomenon. This gave rise to many new castes and subcastes. The niṣāda is one such.
+
Niṣādas were the offsprings of a brāhmaṇa male from a śṅdra woman. They were considered to be outside the pale of the four castes.
+
They are often described as dark in colour with reddish eyes and living by hunting wild animals.
+
The Rāmāyana (Ayodhyākānda 50.33; 52.77-92) mentions that Guha who was the chieftain of the niṣādas, helped Rāma to cross the Gaṅgā river. Later he took Bharata to meet Rāma (ibid 89.12-19).
+
In music, niṣāda (ni) is the seventh note. It is supposed to come out of the region of lalāṭa (forehead) and resemble the sound of an elephant.
+

Revision as of 14:39, 23 June 2016

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Nisada, NiSAda, Nishaada


Niṣāda literally mean ‘one who sits or lives on the outskirts of a village’.

Niṣāda, as per Varṇas

Though the fourfold division of the society, designated as the varṇa-system, is very ancient, mixing up of the varṇas[1] either within the ambit of the sacrament of marriage or outside it, was a real and continuing phenomenon. This gave rise to many new castes and subcastes. The niṣāda is one such.

Niṣādas were the offsprings of a brāhmaṇa male from a śudra woman. They were considered to be outside the pale of the four castes. They are often described as dark in color with reddish eyes and living by hunting wild animals.

Niṣāda as per Rāmāyaṇa

The Rāmāyaṇa[2][3] mentions that Guha who was the chieftain of the niṣādas, helped Rāma to cross the Gaṅgā river. Later he took Bharata to meet Rāma.[4]

Niṣāda as per Music

In music, niṣāda (ni) is the seventh note. It is supposed to come out of the region of lalāṭa[5] and resemble the sound of an elephant.


References

  1. This process is called as varṇasañkara.
  2. Ayodhyākānda 50.33
  3. Ayodhyākānda 52.77-92
  4. Ayodhyākānda 89.12-19
  5. Lalāṭa means forehead.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore