Niriśvara-sāṅkhya

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By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Nirisvara-sankhya, NiriZvara-sAGkhya, Nirishvara-saankhya


Niriśvara-sāṅkhya (‘the Sāṅkhya philosophy that does not accept īśvara or God’)

The philosophies of Sāṅkhya and Yoga are generally studied together. Whereas the former concentrates on the metaphysical side, the latter pays the maximum attention to sādhanā or spiritual practice that ultimately leads to kaivalya or liberation.

Whereas the Sāṅkhya propounds 25 cosmic principles behind creation, the Yoga


accepts all of them and then adds īśvara or God as the 26th principle. Since the former school does not accept īśvara or God, it is called ‘Nirīśvara-sāṅkhya’ (nir = not). The latter, as opposed to it, is termed ‘Seśvara-sāṅkhya’.

See SĀNKHYA DARŚANA and YOGA DARŚANA for details.


References

  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

OLD CONTENT

Niriśvara-sāṅkhya (‘the Sāṅkhya philo¬sophy that does not accept īśvara or God’) The philosophies of Sāṅkhya and Yoga are generally studied together. Whereas the former concentrates on the metaphysical side, the latter pays the maximum attention to sādhanā or spiritual practice that ultimately leads to kaivalya or liberation. Whereas the Sāṅkhya propounds 25 cosmic principles behind creation, the Yoga accepts all of them and then adds īśvara or God as the 26th principle. Since the former school does not accept īśvara or God, it is called ‘Nirīśvara-sāṅkhya’ (nir = not). The latter, as opposed to it, is termed ‘Seśvara-sāñkhya’. See SĀNKHYA DARŚANA and YOGA DARŚANA for details.