By Swami Harshananda
Sometimes transliterated as: Nirodha-samadhi, Nirodha-samAdhi, Nirodha-samaadhi
This is the same as NIRBĪJA-SAMĀDHI. See the same for details.
Nirṛti (‘[deity of] unfailing misfortune’)
The word ‘Nirṛti’ occurs for the first time in the Rgveda (10.165.1) as an evil spirit, as a personification of sin.
Jyeṣṭhādevī or Alakṣmī is also sometimes called Nirṛti. (See ALAKSMĪ for details.)
However, Nirṛti is more commonly pictured as the guardian deity presiding over the south-western direction. He is one of the eight dikpālakas (guardian spirits of the quarters).
Iconographical works describe him as dark in colour, with a huge body and matted hair. He has two hands carrying a sword and a shield. Caṇḍikā or Rākṣaseśvarī is his consort. He rides on a donkey.
Of course, there are other descriptions also.
An avakīrṇin (a brahmacāri who has violated the vow of chastity) was expected to sacrifice an ass to appease Nirṛti as an atonement for the sin.
There are other Nirṛtis also mentioned in the purāṇas.
He is one of the eleven Rudras.
As a woman, she is the wife of Adharma (unrighteousness). Bhaya (fear), Mahābhaya (great fear) and Mṛtyu (death) are her offsprings (vide Ādiparva of the Mahābhārata, Ch. 67).
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore
nirodha-samādhi This is the same as NIRBĪJA-SAMĀDHI. See the same for details.